in the recent OECD report Closing the Gender Gap. Act Now (http://www.oecd.org/gender/closingthegap.htm).
The report provides a rich set of data, analysis and actionable policy messages on how to close gender gaps under four broad headings: 1) social norms and public policies; 2) education; 3) employment and 4) entrepreneurship. Specific analysis for emerging economies is presented across the report. The key policy messages can be summarized as follows:
- Greater gender equality in educational attainment has a strong positive effect on economic growth;
- Stereotyping needs to be addressed in educational choices at school from a young age. For example, adapt teaching strategies and material to increase engagement of boys in reading and of girls in maths and science; encourage more girls to follow science, engineering and maths courses in higher education and seek employment in these fields;
- Good and affordable childcare is a key factor for better gender equality in employment. But change also has to happen at home as the bulk of housework and caring is left to women in many countries. Policy can support such change, for example, through parental leave policies that explicitly include fathers.
- Support policies for women-owned enterprises need to target all existing firms, not just start-ups and small enterprises. Equal access to finance for male and female
entrepreneurs needs to be assured.
TheOECD Gender Data Portal (www.oecd.org/gender)
enables easy access to data and interactive visualizations for more than 40 indicators on gender equality in education, employment and entrepreneurship, for both OECD and selected emerging economies.
For International Women’s Day, the OECD has created an interactive data tool
(http://www.oecd.org/gender/data/OECD-Gender-Data-Portal-Timeline-of-life-outcomes.xls) that highlights how women’s lives differ from those of men in OECD countries.
Clicking on the link automatically opens an Excel file with a drop down menu to choose a country.
Angelica Salvi Del Pero
OECD Gender Initiative
Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs
Social Policy Division
2, rue André Pascal - 75775 Paris Cedex 16
Tel: +33 1 45 24 91
53 || firstname.lastname@example.org